Could a security freeze protect your identity?
Security Freezes and ID Theft
by Kristy Welsh
Data breaches are an increasingly common problem in the 21st Century. The media is full of accounts of data being stolen from companies like Target, Michael's, T-Mobile, Blue Cross-Blue Shield, educational institutions like the University of Maryland, and even government entities like the IRS and the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. No one, it seems, is immune from the wiles of hackers who want to steal your personal data for fun and profit.
The IRS security breach was particularly egregious. In February of 2015, certain state tax officials and the tax filing company TurboTax, temporarily stopped online tax filings because they became aware of a wave of tax refund thefts. By May, the IRS announced that its own systems had been breached, which affected 100,000 taxpayers, but by August, the IRS's own figures indicated that more than 335,000 people had suffered data theft. The information was stolen because the thieves had access to Social Security numbers, tax filing status, consumers' addresses, their dates of birth, and even the answers to their personal security questions.
How Serious Is This Problem?
If you think that you don't have to worry about being hacked and having your personal information stolen, think again. Knowing these facts and figures should help you put the identity theft problem into perspective. From 2005 to October 27, 2015, 4,600 data breaches were documented in the United States alone. More than 889,500,000 records were illegally accessed. Since the beginning of 2015 to October 27, 2015, more than 100 data breaches have taken place that encompassed 153,000,000 records. (This is a low-ball estimate by the way.)
Because of the massive increase in data hacking in the last decade, you can have your identity and financial information stolen any time you do any one of these seemingly innocent activities: shop with credit or debit cards (online and in public spaces), pay your taxes, have health insurance, frequent any business that records customer data, or work for just about any government agency.
Sounds scary, doesn't it? Even if you are vigilant about safeguarding your passwords, change them frequently, have installed effective anti-virus and malware protections on all your computers and other devices, and routinely shred all documents, junk mail, etc. that contains personal information, you may still be at risk. Why? Read on.
New Account Identity Theft
No matter how careful you are with your information, if some crook gets his claws far enough into your personal data to steal your identity, there's only one form of identity theft that can be stopped before it actually occurs. That's new account identity theft. New account identity theft is when a criminal tries to start a new account (credit card, loan, etc.) using your identity.
Unfortunately, most other types of fraud and identity theft can only be uncovered after they've already occurred and the damage is done. Most of the time, the remedies offered to customers only expose identity theft, but don't prevent it.
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There's More Than Financial Damage at Stake
If your personal information falls into the wrong hands, you can wind up suffering more than having your bank account emptied or huge debts piled up on your credit cards. Consider the damage that could be inflicted on your personal reputation if you're considered a deadbeat debtor. Really malicious identity thieves could use this information to stalk you, blackmail you, or even physically threaten you. It's not worth it to go through life counting on good luck. There are too many bad actors out there trying to harvest your Social Security number, pin numbers, credit card information, and other data in order to profit from them.
What's The Best Safeguard against Identity Theft?
Financial institutions like banks and credit card companies frequently tout credit monitoring as the best way to prevent identity theft, but experience has shown that method is not really very effective at preventing that type of fraud. If you're a savvy consumer, you're already aware that you don't have to pay for credit monitoring. According to federal law, the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) mandates that all three of the main Consumer Reporting Agencies (CRA's) must provide consumers with free annual credit reports so they can verify that all information in their credit reports is accurate and up to date and also to help consumers identify fraudulent transactions or bogus accounts set up with stolen identity information.
By all means, take advantage of free credit reports. However, your strongest defense against any type of fraud or identity theft is the security freeze or credit freeze. A security freeze prevents any new accounts from being opened in your name by preventing your credit reports from being exposed to credit card companies and banks. Since no credit card issuer or bank will extend credit without a copy of your credit report, having a credit freeze in place effectively prevents hackers and other scammers from setting up false accounts in your name. If you do decide to implement a credit freeze, be aware that not all potential creditors will try to access your credit report before setting up certain accounts, such as a cellular phone or utilities. If you feel you've been the victim of identity theft, there is a free U.S. government website that can help you deal with the consequences of a data breach.
So, even if an identity thief gets hold of your Social Security number and tries to set up some kind of credit account using his or her own address, the security freeze will prevent that from happening. A security freeze really is the best solution, since it's easy to implement and easy to rescind. If you decide you want to cancel a security freeze in order to allow a potential creditor to get your credit report, it takes only three or four days at most to get the security freeze lifted. In a cyber world filled with greedy sharks that are eager to prey on unwary consumers, the security freeze can be seen as your last and best defense when used in concert with your annual free credit reports and fraud alerts. You can put fraud alerts on your credit reports free of charge for three months, and if you have fraud alerts in place with one credit-reporting agency, they are required to inform the other two credit reporting agencies as well. Fraud alerts expire after three months, so they have to be renewed every 90 days. Using these and other common senses safeguards regularly should guarantee you some peace of mind from the specter of identity theft.
Take the Next Step:
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